1918 World Series

1918 World Series
Team (Wins) Manager Season
Boston Red Sox (4) Ed Barrow 75–51, .595, GA: 2½
Chicago Cubs (2) Fred Mitchell 84–45, .651, GA: 10½
Dates: September 5–September 11
Umpires: Hank O'Day (NL), George Hildebrand (AL), Bill Klem (NL), Brick Owens (AL)†
Future Hall of Famers: Boston Red Sox: Harry Hooper, Babe Ruth. Cubs: Grover Cleveland Alexander (dnp).

The 1918 World Series featured the Boston Red Sox, who defeated the Chicago Cubs four games to two. The Series victory for the Red Sox was their fifth in five tries, going back to 1903.

The 1918 Series was played under several metaphorical dark clouds. The Series was held early in September due to the World War I "Work or Fight" order that forced the premature end of the regular season on September 1, and remains the only World Series to be played entirely in September. The Series was marred by players threatening to strike due to low gate receipts.

As with the 1917 World Series, there were concerns about whether the Series was being played honestly, a rumor revived in 2005 http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/2005-06-09-sox-cubs-1918_x.htm#rigged and explored in further depth in the 2009 book, The Original Curse, by Sean Deveney, McGraw Hill Publishing. The Cubs' roster contained some players who were later suspected of being "crooked". Pitcher Phil Douglas would be accused of conspiring to fix a regular-season game in 1922 and was suspended for life. Pitcher Claude Hendrix, who saw little playing time in the 1918 Series, was suspected of fixing a game in 1920, but he retired after that season and was never officially suspended.

But there was no solid evidence that the 1918 Series itself was "fixed", and with the war dominating the news, nothing came of the rumors. It would be another season before baseball's relationship with gambling would erupt in a major scandal. Star pitcher Pete Alexander of the Cubs saw almost no action in the 1918 regular season due to military service, and did not pitch in the Series. This left the Cubs pitching corps thin compared to the strong Red Sox staff, which included Babe Ruth and Carl Mays. Hippo Vaughn was the strongest Cubs pitcher, having won the pitching triple crown in 1918, but he would have the misfortune of facing the best arms the Red Sox had, and would lose two of the four Cubs losses.

The Chicago home games in the series were played at Comiskey Park, which had a greater seating capacity than Weeghman Park, the prior home of the Federal League Chicago Whales that the Cubs were now using and which would be rechristened Wrigley Field in 1925. The Red Sox had played their home games in the 1915 and 1916 World Series in the more expansive Braves Field, but they returned to Fenway Park for the 1918 series.

Game 1 of the 1918 World Series marked the first time "The Star Spangled Banner" was performed at a major league game. During the seventh inning stretch, the band began playing the song due to the fact the country was involved in World War I. Though the song was not named the national anthem until 1931, this game marked the first time it was played in any venue. The winning pitcher of Game 1 was none other than Babe Ruth, who pitched a shutout.

1918 would be the last Red Sox World Series Championship until 2004. The drought of 86 years was often attributed to the Curse of the Bambino. The alleged curse came to be when the Red Sox traded the superbly talented but troublesome Babe Ruth (who was instrumental in their 1918 victory) to the New York Yankees for cash after the 1919 season.

Through the 2010 season, the Cubs are still waiting to win their next World Series. The Cubs, who last won in 1908, won the National League but lost the Series in 1929, 1932, 1935, 1938, and 1945. The Red Sox, who had won the American League but lost the Series in 1946, 1967, 1975, and 1986, finally won the World Series in 2004 and then won again in 2007.

† For the first time in the Series, all four umpires worked in the infield on a rotating basis. In previous Series from 1909 through 1917, two of the four umpires had been positioned in the outfield for each game, in addition to the standard plate umpire and base umpire.

Summary

Game 1

Thursday, September 5, 1918 at Comiskey Park (I) in Chicago, Illinois

Game 1 went to the Red Sox, 1–0, with Babe Ruth pitching the shutout before 19,274 fans. Stuffy McInnis knocked in the game's only run, driving in Dave Shean with a fourth-inning single off Hippo Vaughn.

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 0
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0
WP: Babe Ruth (1–0)   LP: Hippo Vaughn (0–1)

Game 2

Friday, September 6, 1918 at Comiskey Park (I) in Chicago, Illinois The Cubs rebounded to knot the Series with a 3–1 victory in Game 2 the next day, behind Lefty Tyler's six-hit pitching. Tyler himself had a two-run single in the second inning to make the score 3–0, and he carried a shutout into the ninth inning.
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 6 1
Chicago 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 X 3 7 1
WP: Lefty Tyler (1–0)   LP: Bullet Joe Bush (0–1)

Game 3

Saturday, September 7, 1918 at Comiskey Park (I) in Chicago, Illinois The series remained in Chicago for Game 3 due to wartime restrictions on travel. On September 7, the Red Sox emerged victorious, 2–1, as Carl Mays scattered seven hits. Wally Schang and Everett Scott had back-to-back RBI singles in the fourth inning. Vaughn lost his second game of the series. The game ends with the Cubs' Charlie Pick caught in a rundown between third and home while trying to score on a passed ball.
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 0
Chicago 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 7 1
WP: Carl Mays (1–0)   LP: Hippo Vaughn (0–2)

Game 4

Monday, September 9, 1918 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts Sunday the 8th was a travel day. The teams arrived in Boston on September 9, and the Cubs tied Game 4 in the eighth inning, breaking Ruth's World Series scoreless inning streak (going back to 1916) at 29 2/3 on hits by Charlie Hollocher and Les Mann. But the Red Sox won it in the home half of the inning on a passed ball by Killefer and a wild throw by relief pitcher Phil Douglas scoring Schang for a 3–2 victory and a 3–1 series lead. Starting pitcher Babe Ruth batted sixth for the Red Sox in Game 4. He remains the only starting pitcher in World Series history to bat other than ninth in the batting order.
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Chicago 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 7 1
Boston 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 X 3 4 0
WP: Babe Ruth (2–0)   LP: Phil Douglas (0–1)   Sv: Bullet Joe Bush (1)

Game 5

Tuesday, September 10, 1918 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts Vaughn finally earned a Series victory on Tuesday in Game 5, tossing a five-hit shutout as the Cubs rallied back for a 3–0 victory. Dode Paskert's two-run double in the eighth sealed the matter for the Chicagoans, after Mann had knocked in a first-inning run.
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Chicago 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 7 0
Boston 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0
WP: Hippo Vaughn (1–2)   LP: Sad Sam Jones (0–1)

Game 6

Wednesday, September 11, 1918 at Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts Attendance for Game 6 at Fenway on Wednesday, September 11, was down from over 24,000 on Tuesday to a mere 15,238, but the Red Sox went home happy. Max Flack committed a third-inning error that allowed two Sox runs to score, and the Red Sox held on for a 2–1 victory and the World's Championship of 1918, as Carl Mays won his second game of the series.
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Chicago 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 2
Boston 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 X 2 5 0
WP: Carl Mays (2–0)   LP: Lefty Tyler (1–1)

Players

Composite box

1918 World Series (4–2): Boston Red Sox (A.L.) over Chicago Cubs (N.L.)
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Boston Red Sox 0 0 2 5 0 0 0 1 1 9 32 1
Chicago Cubs 0 3 1 1 1 0 0 4 0 10 37 5
21,414
>. Baseball Almanac. http://www.baseball-almanac.com/ws/wsshares.shtml. Retrieved 2009-06-14. 

Firsts and unique records

Notes

References