Chinese people

The term Chinese people may refer to any of the following:

Apart from citizenship (legal) reasons; place of residence (geographical factors), race (biological reasons), and ancestry (historical and genealogical factors) are involved in defining how "Chinese" someone is.

During the Qing dynasty, the term Zhongyuan ren (中原人) was synonymous with being Chinese, especially refering to Han Chinese and Hui muslims in Xinjiang or Central Asia.

While Hui do not consider themselves Han and are not Han, the Hui consider themselves Chinese and refer to themselves as Zhongyuan ren.[1] The Dungan people, descendants of Hui who fled to Central Asia, called themselves Zhongyuan ren in addition to the standard labels Lao Huihui and Huizi.[2][3] Zhongyuan ren was used by Turkic muslims to refer to ethnic Chinese. When Central Asian invaders from Kokand invaded Kashgar, in a letter the kokandi commander criticizes the Kashgari Turkic muslim Ishaq for allegedly not behaving like a muslim and wanting to be a Zhongyuan ren (Chinese).[4][5]

Contents


Mandarin

Term Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Explanation
Zhōnggúorén 中國人 中国人 Refers to a person of a state called "China". Some use this term to refer to anyone who holds citizenship of the People's Republic of China or the Republic of China, regardless of ethnicity. Others use it only for citizens of the People's Republic of China. Usage can depend on political views about the status of the Republic of China.
Huárén 華人 华人 An overall term to refer to any person of Chinese descent, including those in China and abroad. However, this term is more commonly used in referring to the overseas Chinese community and sometimes overseas Chinese minorities.
Huáqíao 華僑 华侨 Refers to a Chinese national or citizen living in a foreign country, while still holds Chinese citizenship. This term was more commonly used before 1949, when China provided citizenship for many overseas Chinese.
Huáyì 華裔 华裔 Refers to a person of Chinese descent living in a foreign country, who does not hold a citizenship from neither the People's Republic of China nor the Republic of China.

Cantonese

Term Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Explanation
Lou waa kiu 老華僑 老华侨 Used by overseas Cantonese-speakers to refer to a person who has lived outside of China for a long period, usually 10 or more years.
Tong jan 唐人 唐人 Tang Chinese, generally synonymous with Han Chinese for similar reasons. see (唐人街)
Tou zyu 土著 土著 Literally means "from the soil"; refers to a Chinese person of a minority ethnic group born in China.
Zuk sing 竹昇 竹升 More commonly spelled as "jook-sing" in English, used to describe a westernized person of Chinese descent.

See also

[[Image:|x28px]] China portal

Notes

  1. Richard V. Weekes (1984). . Greenwood Press. p. 334. . http://books.google.com/books?id=-lZIAAAAMAAJ&q=Similarities+between+the+Hui+and+Han+are+so+great+that+many+observers+have+concluded+the+Hui+to+be+%22not+a+separate+race+from+the+Han%22+but+only+%22Han+who+believe+in+Islam.+'+'+This+is+incorrect.+Hui+agree+they+are+Chinese+(Zhongyuan-+ren)+...&dq=Similarities+between+the+Hui+and+Han+are+so+great+that+many+observers+have+concluded+the+Hui+to+be+%22not+a+separate+race+from+the+Han%22+but+only+%22Han+who+believe+in+Islam.+'+'+This+is+incorrect.+Hui+agree+they+are+Chinese+(Zhongyuan-+ren)+...&hl=en&ei=9q4bTZK1IMO88ga0poDGBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCMQ6AEwAA. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. James Stuart Olson, Nicholas Charles Pappas (1994). . Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 202. . http://books.google.com/books?id=CquTz6ps5YgC&pg=PA202&dq=zhongyuan+ren&hl=en&ei=l64bTYH9G4Sq8AaLtYjDDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=zhongyuan%20ren&f=false. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  3. Nagendra Kr Singh, Abdul Mabud Khan (2001). . Global Vision Pub. House. p. 400. . http://books.google.com/books?id=k8PXAAAAMAAJ&q=In+the+past,+they+called+themselves+Zhongyuan-ren+(in+Chinese%3B+Zhongyuan+is+the+common+name+for+Henan+province).+Since+about+1960,+however&dq=In+the+past,+they+called+themselves+Zhongyuan-ren+(in+Chinese%3B+Zhongyuan+is+the+common+name+for+Henan+province).+Since+about+1960,+however&hl=en&ei=tK8bTdsvwvvwBqD0rccN&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAQ. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  4. James A. Millward (1998). . Stanford University Press. p. 215. . http://books.google.com/books?id=MC6sAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA215&dq=zhongyuan+ren&hl=en&ei=l64bTYH9G4Sq8AaLtYjDDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=zhongyuan%20ren&f=false. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  5. Laura Newby (2005). . BRILL. p. 148. . http://books.google.com/books?id=KTmO416hNQ8C&pg=PA148&dq=zhongyuan+ren&hl=en&ei=l64bTYH9G4Sq8AaLtYjDDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=zhongyuan%20ren&f=false. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 

References