Eugène Guillevic

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Eugène Guillevic (Carnac, Morbihan, France, August 5, 1907 Carnac – March 19, 1997 Paris) () was one of the better known French poets of the second half of the 20th century. Professionally, he went under just the single name "Guillevic".

Contents


Life

He was born in the rocky landscape and marine environment of Brittany. His father, a sailor, was a policeman and took him to Jeumont (Nord) in 1909, Saint-Jean-Brévelay (Morbihan) in 1912, and Ferrette (Haut-Rhin) in 1919.

After a BA in mathematics, he was placed by the exams of 1926, in the Administration of Registration (Alsace, Ardennes). Appointed in 1935 to Paris as senior editor at the Directorate General at the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs, he was assigned in 1942 to control the economy. He was from 1945 to 1947 in the Cabinets of Ministers Francis Billoux (National Economy) and Charles Tillon (Reconstruction). In 1947 after the ouster of Communist ministers, he returned to the Inspector General of Economics, where his work included studies of the economy and planning, until his retirement in 1967.[1]

He was a pre-war friend of Jean Follain, who introduced him to the "Sagresse" group. Then he belonged to the "School of Rochefort".

He was a practicing Catholic for about thirty years. He became a communist sympathizer during the Spanish Civil War, and in 1942 joined the Communist Party when he joined with Paul Éluard,[2] and participated in the publications of the underground press (Pierre Seghers, Jean Lescure).

His poetry is concise, straightforward as rock, rough and generous, but still suggestive. His poetry is also characterized by its rejection of metaphors, in that he prefers comparisons which he considered less misleading.

Awards

English Translation Works

  • Carnac, Bloodaxe, John Montague (Translator), December 2000, ISBN 9781852243937
  • The Sea & Other Poems, Black Widow Press/Commonwealth Books, Inc. Patricia Terry (Translator), July 15, 2007, ISBN 9780976844983

French Works

  • L'Expérience Guillevic (1923–1938, documents de travail publiés en 1994)
  • Requiem (1938, plaquette de 6 poèmes non repris par l'auteur)[1]
  • Terraqué, Gallimard, Paris, 1942.
  • Elégies, avec une lithographie de Jean Dubuffet, Le Calligraphe, Paris 1946
  • Fractures, Éditions de Minuit, collection L'Honneur des poètes, Paris 1947
  • Exécutoire, Gallimard, Paris, 1947.
  • Gagner, Gallimard, Paris, 1949.
  • Terre à bonheur, Seghers, Paris, 1952; édition augmentée d' Envie de vivre, Seghers, Paris, 1985.
  • 31 sonnets, préface Aragon, Gallimard, Paris, 1954 [recueil que Guillevic n'a pas souhaité voir réédité].
  • Carnac, Gallimard, Paris, 1961.
  • Sphère, Gallimard, Paris, 1963.
  • Avec, Gallimard, Paris, 1966.
  • Euclidiennes, Gallimard, Paris, 1967.
  • Ville, Gallimard, Paris, 1969.
  • Paroi, Gallimard, Paris, 1970.
  • Encoches, Editeurs français réunis, Paris, 1970.
  • Inclus, Gallimard, Paris, 1973.
  • Du domaine, Gallimard, Paris, 1977.
  • Étier, poèmes 1965-1975, Gallimard, Paris, 1979.
  • Autres, poèmes 1969-1979, Gallimard, Paris, 1980.
  • Trouées, poèmes 1973-1980, Gallimard, Paris, 1981.
  • Guitare, avec des bois en couleurs de Gérard Blanchet, Les Bibliophiles de France, 1982
  • Requis, poèmes 1977-1982, Gallimard, Paris, 1983 (ISBN 2070267385).
  • Timbres, Ecrits des Forges, Trois-Rivières, 1986 (ISBN 2890460983).
  • Motifs, poèmes 1981-1984, Gallimard, Paris, 1987 (ISBN 2070711102).
  • Creusement, poèmes 1977-1986, Gallimard, Paris, 1987 (ISBN 2070711099).
  • Qui, L'Instant perpétuel, Rouen, 1987
  • Art poétique, poème 1985-1986, Gallimard, Paris, 1989 (ISBN 2070717283).
  • Le Chant, poème 1987-1988, Gallimard, Paris, 1990 (ISBN 207072123X).
  • Impacts, Deyrolle Editeur, Cognac, 1990 (ISBN 2908487012).
  • Maintenant, poème 1986-1992, Gallimard, Paris, 1993 (ISBN 2070733424).
  • Possibles futurs, poèmes 1982-1994, Gallimard, Paris, 1996 (ISBN 2070745678).
  • Proses ou Boire dans le secret des grottes, Fischbacher, Paris, 2001 [édition posthume élaborée par Lucie Albertini-Guillevic et Jérôme Pellissier]. (ISBN 9782717900262)
  • Quotidiennes, poèmes 1994-1996, Gallimard, Paris, 2002.
  • Présent, poèmes 1987-1997, Gallimard, Paris, 2004 (ISBN 2070770214)
  • Pas si bêtes'!, Seghers Jeunesse, 2004,(ISBN 2232122530)
  • Relier, poèmes 1938-1996, Gallimard, Paris, 2007 [édition posthume élaborée par Lucie Albertini-Guillevic], 810 p. (ISBN 9782970785148)
  • Humour blanc et autres fabliettes, Seghers Jeunesse, 2008 (ISBN 9782232123016)

Reedited Pocket Edition

  • Terraqué, suivi d'Exécutoire, préface Jacques Borel, 1968.
  • Sphère suivi de Carnac, 1977.
  • Du domaine suivi de Euclidiennes.
  • Etier suivi de Autres, 1997 (ISBN 2070326284).
  • Art poétique précédé de Paroi et suivi de Le Chant.
  • Possibles futurs, 2007.

References