Hagen

Contents


History

Hagen was first mentioned ca. 1200, presumably the name of a farm at the junctions of the Volme and the Ennepe. After the conquest of Burg Volmarstein in 1324, Hagen passed to the County of Mark. In 1614 it was awarded to the Margraviate of Brandenburg according to the Treaty of Xanten. In 1701 it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia.

After the defeat of Prussia in the Fourth Coalition, Hagen was included in the Grand Duchy of Berg from 1807–13. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia.

The growth of the city began in the 19th century with the mining of coal and the production of steel in the Ruhr Area. It was the scene of fighting during the Ruhr Uprising, 13 March - 2 April 1920 and has a monument to the Ruhr Red Army.

In 1928 Hagen became a city with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

On the night of 1 October 1943 243 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitos from the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command attacked the city. According to the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost." Severe damage was caused.

After World War II the town became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Economy

Owing to the extensive use of water power along the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme and Ennepe, metal processing played an important role in the region of Hagen in and even before the 15th century.

In the 17th and 18th century, textile and steel industries as well as paper producing followed.

Hagen is the home of the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer.(Haris Hodža )

Attractions

Hagen is home to the Westfälisches Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen Westphalian Open-Air Museum, a collection of historic industrial facilities where trades such as printing, brewing, smithing, milling, and many others are represented not simply as static displays, but as living, working operations that visitors may in some cases even be invited to participate in. It is located in the Hagen community of Eilpe. The Historical Center contains the Museum of the City and the Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen the oldest fossils of modern people in Westphalia and the Ruhr were found. They are dated to the early Mesolithic, 10,700 years B.C.

Boroughs

Borough Population
Oct 2007
Area
in km²
Hagen-Mitte 78.952 20,5
Hagen-Nord 38.451 29,6
Hagen-Haspe 30.360 22,2
Hagen-Eilpe/Hagen-Dahl 17.148 51,1
Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.306 37,0

some localities of Hagen:

Traffic

The Autobahnen A1, A45 and A46 touch Hagen.

Hagen has been an important rail junction for the southeastern Ruhr valley since the first rail line opened in 1848. The shunting yard Hagen-Vorhalle is among Germany's largest, and the central station offers connections to the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to local and S-Bahn services. Since December 2005, Hagen is also the starting point for a new service into Essen, operated by Abellio Rail.

Local traffic is handled by Hagener Straßenbahn (Hagen Tramways), which, despite its name, offers only bus services as the last tramway in Hagen was put out of service in the 1970s. All local rail and bus services operate under the transport association VRR.

Sport

The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen

Sport clubs in Hagen:

International relations

Hagen has been twinned with these towns:

Personalities

  • Sir Charles Hallé (Karl Halle) was born here in 1819
  • Nena (born 24 March 1960 in Hagen), German pop singer
  • Karl Ernst Osthaus (1874–1921), patron of the avant-garde
  • Nicholas (Klaus) Rescher (born 15 July 1928) American Philosopher
  • Mousse T. (born 2 October 1966 in Hagen), German DJ and record producer
  • Franz Bronstert (1895–1967) painter
  • Emil Schumacher (1912–1999) painter and cofounder of the German abstract art
  • Henning Wehn (born 10 April 1974 in Hagen), German comedian
  • Bettina Hauert (born 18 June 1982 in Hagen), German professional golfer

See also

References