List of countries by external debt

This is a list of countries by external debt, the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services,[1] where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list. Note that this list is gross debt, not net debt.

Country External debt[2]
US dollars
Date Per capita[3][4]
US dollars
% of GDP[5][6]
 World 56,900,000,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 8,422 98%
 United States 13,450,000,000,000 30 June 2009 43,758 94%
 United Kingdom 9,088,000,000,000 30 June 2009 147,060 416%
 Germany 5,208,000,000,000 30 June 2009 63,493 155%
 France 5,021,000,000,000 30 June 2009 80,209 188%
 Netherlands 3,733,000,000,000 31 December 2009 226,503 470%
 Spain 2,410,000,000,000 30 June 2009 52,588 165%
 Italy 2,328,000,000,000 31 December 2008 39,234 101%
 Ireland 2,287,000,000,000 30 September 2009 515,671 1004%
 Japan 2,132,000,000,000 30 June 2009 16,714 42%
 Luxembourg 1,994,000,000,000 30 June 2009 4,028,283 3854%
 Belgium 1,354,000,000,000 7 October 2010 [7] 126,188 267%
 Switzerland 1,339,000,000,000 30 June 2009 182,899 271%
 Australia 920,000,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 42,057 92%
 Canada 833,800,000,000 30 June 2009 24,749 62%
 Austria 808,900,000,000 30 September 2009 97,411 212%
 Sweden 669,100,000,000 30 June 2009 72,594 165%
 Hong Kong 655,100,000,000 30 September 2009 92,725 311%
 Denmark 607,400,000,000 30 June 2009 110,216 196%
 Greece 552,800,000,000 30 June 2009 49,525 167%
 Norway 548,100,000,000 30 June 2009 113,174 143%
 Portugal 507,000,000,000 30 June 2009 47,632 223%
 Russia 369,200,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,611 30%
 Finland 364,900,000,000 30 June 2009 68,180 153%
347,100,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 260 7%
333,600,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 6,842 40%
 Turkey 274,000,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 3,884 45%
 India 223,900,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 187 18%
 Brazil 216,100,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,129 14%
 Poland 201,200,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 5,279 47%
 Mexico 177,000,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,646 20%
 Indonesia 150,700,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 651 28%
 United Arab Emirates 128,600,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 26,202 56%
 Hungary 116,800,000,000 31 December 2009 11,667 90%
 Argentina 108,600,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,706 35%
 Ukraine 104,000,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,275 90%
 Romania 95,480,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 4,459 59%
 Kazakhstan 93,210,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 5,987 85%
 Israel 84,690,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 11,649 43%
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 79,800,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 3,452 21%
 Czech Republic 76,830,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 7,318 39%
 South Africa 73,840,000,000 30 June 2009 1,497 26%
 Saudi Arabia 72,450,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,839 20%
 Thailand 66,300,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 990 25%
 Qatar 63,160,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 51,856 75%
 Colombia 61,777,000,000[8] 31 December 2010 est. 1,052 21%
 Chile 60,900,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 3,586 38%
 Croatia 59,400,000,000 30 September 2009 est. 13,390 94%
 New Zealand 58,920,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 13,636 50%
 Slovenia 55,000,000,000 31 August 2009 27,282 112%
 Philippines 53,140,000,000 30 September 2009 est. 576 33%
 Slovakia 52,530,000,000 31 December 2008 9,706 55%
 Pakistan 52,120,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 318 31%
 Iraq 50,290,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,610 76%
 Bulgaria 49,280,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 6,511 105%
 Malaysia 48,260,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,738 25%
 Venezuela 43,410,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,517 13%
 Latvia 38,010,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 16,811 145%
 Lithuania 36,430,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 10,924 98%
 Sudan 36,270,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 927 66%
 Cyprus 32,860,000,000 31 December 2008 est. 41,648 129%
 Kuwait 32,500,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 9,191 29%
 Serbia 31,720,000,000 30 November 2009 est. 4,297 74%
 Vietnam 31,000,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 355 34%
 Peru 30,040,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,032 24%
 Egypt 28,450,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 371 15%
 Bangladesh 23,220,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 141 25%
 Estonia 22,540,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 16,821 118%
 Lebanon 21,110,000,000 30 November 2009 est. 5,473 63%
 Morocco 20,060,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 633 22%
 Sri Lanka 19,450,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 961 47%
 Cuba 19,440,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,698 34%
 Singapore 19,200,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 4,042 11%
 Iran 18,730,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 253 6%
 Monaco 18,000,000,000 2000 est. 565,043 N/A
 Tunisia 15,640,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,500 39%
 Ecuador 13,280,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 941 23%
 Angola 12,830,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 741 19%
 Uruguay 12,610,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 3,770 40%
12,500,000,000 2001 est. 582 N/A
 Cote d'Ivoire 12,080,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 565 54%
 Panama 12,040,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 3,475 49%
 Dominican Republic 11,850,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,312 25%
 Jamaica 11,550,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 4,260 97%
 El Salvador 11,510,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,976 55%
 Bahrain 10,870,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 10,462 54%
10,000,000,000 2007 est. 164 100%
 Nigeria 9,689,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 64 6%
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8,415,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,102 49%
 Costa Rica 8,057,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,744 27%
 Belarus 7,900,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 833 16%
 Kenya 7,729,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 215 24%
 Syria 7,621,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 374 15%
 Guatemala 7,489,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 534 20%
 Oman 7,474,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,522 14%
 Burma 7,373,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 123 27%
 Tanzania 7,070,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 174 32%
 Jordan 6,715,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,121 29%
 Libya 6,491,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,025 11%
 Yemen 6,245,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 264 25%
 Ghana 5,840,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 253 38%
 Zimbabwe 5,821,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 496 132%
5,458,000,000 31 September 2009 est. 2,648 59%
 Bolivia 5,349,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 523 30%
5,000,000,000 2000 est. 1,722 155%
 Turkmenistan 5,000,000,000 2009 est. 934 31%
 Nicaragua 4,700,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 743 76%
 Mauritius 4,567,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 3,565 52%
 Nepal 4,500,000,000 2009 161 36%
 Armenia 4,470,000,000 30 June 2009 1,368 51%
 Ethiopia 4,229,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 51 13%
 Mozambique 4,159,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 197 42%
 Cambodia 4,157,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 298 38%
 Moldova 3,970,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,113 73%
 Malta 3,750,000,000 2008 9,080 45%
 Uzbekistan 3,630,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 130 11%
 Kyrgyzstan 3,467,000,000 31 December 2008 653 68%
 Algeria 3,389,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 97 2%
 Georgia 3,381,000,000 31 December 2009 771 31%
 Honduras 3,315,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 423 23%
 Zambia 3,313,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 277 25%
 Paraguay 3,220,000,000 31 December 2009 513 22%
 Liberia 3,200,000,000 2005 est. 930 606%
 Laos 3,085,000,000 2009 est. 484 55%
 Iceland 3,073,000,000 2002 10,670 35%
 Guinea 3,072,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 290 70%
 Gabon 3,065,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 2,078 28%
 Somalia 3,000,000,000 2001 est. 393 N/A
 Cameroon 2,929,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 147 13%
 Mali 2,800,000,000 2002 240 84%
 Senegal 2,763,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 216 22%
 Afghanistan 2,700,000,000 2008 96 23%
 Netherlands Antilles 2,680,000,000 2004 12,280 N/A
 Azerbaijan 2,411,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 269 6%
 Papua New Guinea 2,320,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 366 29%
 Niger 2,100,000,000 2003 est. 178 79%
 Trinidad and Tobago 2,079,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 1,589 10%
 Madagascar 2,054,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 99 24%
 Uganda 2,050,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 62 13%
 Mongolia 1,860,000,000 2009 690 44%
 Burkina Faso 1,840,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 128 23%
 Tajikistan 1,691,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 260 34%
 Botswana 1,651,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 910 14%
 Sierra Leone 1,610,000,000 2003 est. 311 163%
 Chad 1,600,000,000 2005 est. 177 27%
 Albania 1,550,000,000 2004 497 21%
1,300,000,000 2007 est. 552 N/A
 Seychelles 1,250,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 14,706 163%
 Benin 1,200,000,000 2007 135 22%
 Burundi 1,200,000,000 2003 167 202%
 Namibia 1,184,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 569 13%
 Central African Republic 1,153,000,000 2007 est. 270 68%
 Malawi 1,091,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 78 24%
 Belize 954,100,000 2008 est. 2,982 70%
 Guinea-Bissau 941,500,000 2000 est. 722 203%
 Bhutan 836,000,000 2009 1,239 66%
 Guyana 804,300,000 30 September 2008 1,049 42%
 Barbados 668,000,000 2003 2,456 25%
 Montenegro 650,000,000 2006 939 24%
628,800,000 2003 est. 438 170%
 Maldives 589,000,000 2009 est. 1,707 43%
 Lesotho 581,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 233 36%
 Swaziland 534,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 520 18%
 Suriname 504,300,000 2005 est. 1,011 28%
 Aruba 478,600,000 2005 est. 4,935 21%
 Djibouti 428,000,000 2006 573 56%
 Haiti 428,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 48 7%
 Antigua and Barbuda 359,800,000 June 2006 4,388 36%
 Grenada 347,000,000 2004 3,402 74%
342,600,000 2004 est. 1,067 6%
 Cape Verde 325,000,000 2002 722 53%
 Sao Tome and Principe 318,000,000 2002 2,193 349%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 314,000,000 2004 6,408 79%
 Eritrea 311,000,000 2000 est. 87 44%
 Saint Lucia 257,000,000 2004 1,586 32%
 Comoros 232,000,000 2000 est. 420 115%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 223,000,000 2004 2,084 54%
 Dominica 213,000,000 2004 3,000 75%
 Samoa 177,000,000 2004 994 47%
 Equatorial Guinea 174,000,000 31 December 2009 est. 136 1%
 Solomon Islands 166,000,000 2004 355 44%
 Bermuda 160,000,000 FY99/00 2,560 N/A
 Cook Islands 141,000,000 1996 est. 7,756 N/A
 Fiji 127,000,000 2004 est. 150 5%
 Marshall Islands 87,000,000 2008 est. 1,377 54%
 Vanuatu 81,200,000 2004 383 22%
 Tonga 80,700,000 2004 791 33%
 New Caledonia 79,000,000 1998 est. 404 N/A
 Cayman Islands 70,000,000 1996 2,078 N/A
 Faroe Islands 68,100,000 2006 1,409 N/A
60,800,000 FY05 est. 563 N/A
 Greenland 58,000,000 2009 1,007 N/A
 British Virgin Islands 36,100,000 1997 1,897 N/A
 Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est. 2,599 N/A
 Kiribati 10,000,000 1999 est. 120 14%
 Montserrat 8,900,000 1997 14,958 N/A
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998 818 N/A
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004 244 N/A
 Niue 418,000 2002 est. 196 N/A
 Brunei 0 2005 0 0%
 Liechtenstein 0 2001 0 N/A
 Macau 0 2009 0 0%
 Palau 0 FY99/00 0 N/A

See also

References

  1. Debt – external. Definition in The World Factbook.
  2. Debt - external, The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 22, 2010.
  3. Total Midyear Population, U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base, accessed on May 22, 2010. Note: Used for Cuba, Monaco, North Korea, Somalia, Netherlands Antilles, West Bank, Montenegro, Aruba, Bermuda, Cook Islands, Marshall Islands, New Caledonia, Cayman Islands, Faroe Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Greenland, British Virgin Islands, Nauru, Montserrat, Anguilla, Wallis and Futuna, Liechtenstein, Macau and Palau.
  4. World Economic Outlook Database, April 2010, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on May 22, 2010. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  5. GDP (official exchange rate), The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on May 22, 2010. Note: Used for Cuba, Aruba, Marshall Islands, Macau and Turkmenistan.
  6. World Economic Outlook Database, April 2010, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on May 22, 2010. Note: Used for the rest of the countries.
  7. Belgium: Economic and financial data from National Bank of Belgium
  8. http://www.caracol.com.co/nota.aspx?id=1405947