List of countries by income equality

This is a list of countries or dependencies by income inequality metrics, including Gini coefficients, according to the United Nations (UN) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

Key:
R/P 10%: The ratio of the average income of the richest 10% is to the poorest 10%
R/P 20%: The ratio of average income of the richest 20% is to the poorest 20%
Gini: Gini index
UN: Data from the United Nations Development Programme
CIA: Data from the Central Intelligence Agency's The World Factbook
GPI: Data from the Global Peace Index.

Country UN R/P 10%[1] UN R/P 20%[2] UN Gini[3] value. Year CIA Gini[4] Year GPI Gini 2008[5]
 Afghanistan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 60
 Albania 7.2 4.8 31.1 7.2 2004 26.7 2005
 Algeria 9.6 6.1 35.3 9.6 1995 35.3 1995
 Angola N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 62
 Argentina 40.9 17.8 51.3 35.0 Jan.-Mar. 2007 45.7 2009
 Armenia 8 5 33.8 25.8 2004 37 2006
 Australia 12.5 7 35.2 12.7 1994 30.5 2006
 Austria 6.9 4.4 29.1 6.8 2004 26 2007
 Azerbaijan 9.7 6 36.5 9.5 2001 36.5 2001
 Bahrain N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 36
 Bangladesh 7.5 4.9 33.4 7.5 2000 est. 33.2 2005
 Belarus 6.9 4.5 29.7 6.9 2002 27.9 2005
 Belgium 8.2 4.9 33 8.3 2000 28 2005
 Belize N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 49.2
 Benin 9.4 6 36.5 9.4 2003 36.5 2003
 Bhutan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
 Bolivia 168.1 42.3 60.1 157.3 2002 59.2 2006
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.4 3.8 26.2 5.5 2001 56.2 2007
 Botswana 43 20.4 60.5 N/A N/A 63 1993
 Brazil 51.3 21.8 57 49.8 2004 56.7 2005
 Bulgaria 7 4.4 29.2 8.8 2005 29.8 2008
 Burkina Faso 11.6 6.9 39.5 11.5 2003 39.5 2007
 Burundi 19.3 9.5 42.4 19.3 1998 42.4 1998
 Cambodia 12.2 7.3 41.7 12.0 2004 43 2007 est.
 Cameroon 15.7 9.1 44.6 15.4 2001 44.6 2001
 Canada 9.4 5.5 32.6 9.5 2000 32.1 2005
 Central African Republic 69.2 32.7 61.3 68.1 1993 61.3 1993
 Chad N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 52.3
 Chile 33 15.7 54.9 32.1 2003 54.9 2003
 China (PRC) 21.6 12.2 46.9 21.8 2004 41.5 2007 46.9 [6]
 Colombia 63.8 25.3 58.6 4.3 2004 58.5 2008
 Democratic Republic of the Congo N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 55
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 56.2
 Costa Rica 37.8 15.6 49.8 37.4 2003 48 2008
 Côte d'Ivoire 16.6 9.7 44.6 17.0 2002 44.6 2002
 Croatia 7.3 4.8 29 7.2 2003 est. 29 2008
 Cuba N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30
 Cyprus N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 29 2005
 Czech Republic 5.2 3.5 25.4 5.2 1996 26 2005
 Denmark 8.1 4.3 24.7 12.0 2000 est. 29 2007
 Dominican Republic 28.5 14.3 51.6 29.4 2005 49.9 2005[7]
 Ecuador 44.9 17.3 53.6 17.5 Oct. 2006[8] 47.9 2009
 Egypt 8 5.1 34.4 8.0 2000 34.4 2001
 El Salvador 57.5 20.9 52.4 55.4 2002 52.4 2002
 Equatorial Guinea N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 65
 Estonia 10.8 6.4 35.8 11.0 2003 34 2008
 Ethiopia 6.6 4.3 30 6.5 2000 30 2000
 European Union N/A N/A N/A 9.0 2001 est. 31 2006 est.
 Finland 5.6 3.8 26.9 5.7 2000 29.5 2007
 France 9.1 5.6 32.7 8.3 2004 32.7 2008
 Gabon N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 60
20.2 11.2 50.2 20.6 1998 50.2 1998
 Georgia 15.4 8.3 40.4 15.2 2003 40.8 2009
 Germany 6.9 4.3 28.3 6.9 2000 27 2006
 Ghana 14.1 8.4 40.8 13.7 1999 39.4 2006
 Greece 10.2 6.2 34.3 10.4 2000 est. 33 2005
 Guatemala 48.2 20.3 55.1 48.2 2002 55.1 2007
 Guinea 10.5 6.6 38.6 21.6 2006 38.1 2006
 Guinea-Bissau 19 10.3 47 84.8 1991 N/A N/A
 Guyana N/A N/A N/A 26.0 1999 43.2 1999
 Haiti 71.7 26.6 59.2 68.1 2001 59.2 2001
 Honduras 34.2 17.2 53.8 35.2 2003 53.8 2003
 Hong Kong 17.8 9.7 43.4 N/A N/A 53.3 2007
 Hungary 5.5 3.8 26.9 5.6 2002 28 2005
 Iceland N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 28 2006
 India 8.6 5.6 36.8 8.6 2004 36.8 2004
 Indonesia 7.8 5.2 34.3 7.9 2002 39.4 2005
 Iraq N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 42
 Iran 17.2 9.7 43 16.9 1998 44.5 2006 38.3[9]
 Ireland 9.4 5.6 34.3 9.4 2000 30.7 2008
 Israel 13.4 7.9 39.2 11.8 2005 39.2 2008
 Italy 11.6 6.5 36 11.7 2000 32 2006
 Jamaica 17.3 9.8 45.5 17.0 2004 45.5 2004
 Japan 4.5 3.4 24.9 4.5 1993 38.1 2002
 Jordan 11.3 6.9 38.8 11.3 2003 39.7 2007
 Kazakhstan 8.5 5.6 33.9 8.0 2004 est. 28.8 2008
 Kenya 13.6 8.2 42.5 18.6 2000 42.5 2008
 North Korea N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31
 South Korea 7.8 4.7 31.6 8.6 2005 est. 31.3 2007
 Kuwait N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30
 Kyrgyzstan 6.4 4.4 30.3 6.4 2003 30.3 2003
 Laos 8.3 5.4 34.6 8.4 2002 34.6 2002
 Latvia 11.6 6.8 37.7 11.6 2003 36 2005
 Lebanon N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45
 Lesotho 105 44.2 63.2 48.2 2002 est. 63.2 1995
 Liberia 12.8 N/A 52.6 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Libya N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 36
 Lithuania 10.4 6.3 36 10.3 2003 36 2005
 Luxembourg N/A N/A N/A 6.8 2000 26 2005
 Macedonia 12.5 7.5 39 12.3 2003 39 2003
 Madagascar 19.2 11 47.5 19.3 2001 47.5 2001
 Malawi 10.9 6.7 39 11.0 2004 39 2004
 Malaysia 22.1 12.4 49.2 28.0 2003 est. 46.1 2002
 Mali 12.5 7.6 40.1 12.6 2001 40.1 2001
 Malta N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 26 2007
 Mauritania 12 7.4 39 11.8 2000 39 2000
 Mauritius N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39 2006 est.
 Mexico 24.6 12.8 46.1 24.6 2004 48.2 2008
 Moldova 8.2 5.3 33.2 8.3 2003 33.2 2003
 Mongolia 8.2 5.4 32.8 8.2 2002 32.8 2002
 Montenegro N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30 2003
 Morocco 11.7 7.2 39.5 11.9 1999 40.9 2005 est.
 Mozambique 18.8 9.9 47.3 18.8 2002 47.3 2002
N/A N/A N/A 11.6 1998 N/A N/A 40
 Namibia 128.8 56.1 74.3 129.0 2003 70.7 2003
 Nepal 15.8 9.1 47.2 15.6 2004 47.2 2008
 Netherlands 9.2 5.1 30.9 9.2 1999 30.9 2007
 New Zealand 12.5 6.8 36.2 N/A N/A 36.2 1997
 Nicaragua 15.5 8.8 43.1 15.4 2001 43.1 2001
 Niger 46 20.7 50.5 44.3 1995 50.5 1995
 Nigeria 17.8 9.7 43.7 17.5 2003 43.7 2003
 Norway 6.1 3.9 25.8 6.0 2000 25 2008
 Oman N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
 Pakistan 6.5 4.3 30.6 6.6 2002 30.6 2008
 Panama 57.5 23.9 56.1 61.4 2003 56.1 2003
 Papua New Guinea 23.8 12.6 50.9 23.8 1996 50.9 1996
 Paraguay 65.4 25.7 58.4 65.9 2003 53.2 2009
 Peru 30.4 15.2 52 31.5 2003 52 2008
 Philippines 15.5 9.3 44.5 15.5 2003 45.8 2006
 Poland 8.8 5.6 34.5 8.7 2002 34.9 2005
 Portugal 15 8 38.5 9.2 1995 est. 38.5 2007
 Qatar N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39
 Romania 7.5 4.9 31 7.4 2003 32 2008
 Russia 12.7 7.6 39.9 12.8 2002 42.3 2008
 Rwanda 18.6 9.9 46.8 18.2 2000 46.8 2000
 Saudi Arabia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 32
 Senegal 12.3 7.4 41.3 12.4 2001 41.3 2001
 Serbia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 26 2008
 Sierra Leone 87.2 57.6 62.9 87.2 1989 62.9 1989
 Singapore 17.7 9.7 42.5 17.3 1998 48.1 2008
 Slovakia 6.7 4 25.8 6.7 1996 26 2005
 Slovenia 5.9 3.9 28.4 5.9 1998 28.4 2008
 Somalia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30
 South Africa 33.1 17.9 57.8 31.9 2000 65 2005
 Spain 10.3 6 34.7 10.2 2000 32 2005
 Sri Lanka 11.1 6.9 40.2 36.1 FY 2003/04 49 2007
 Sudan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 51
 Swaziland 25.1 13 50.4 25.4 2001 50.4 2001
 Sweden 6.2 4 25 6.2 2000 23 2005
 Switzerland 9 5.5 33.7 8.9 2000 33.7 2008
 Syria N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 42
 Taiwan (ROC) N/A N/A N/A 6.1 2002 est. 33 2000[10]
 Tajikistan 7.8 5.2 32.6 7.8 2003 32.8 2006
 Tanzania 9.2 5.8 34.6 9.3 2000 34.6 2000
 Thailand 12.6 7.7 42 12.4 2002 43 2006
 Timor-Leste N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 38 2002 est.
 Trinidad and Tobago 12.9 7.6 38.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A
 Tunisia 13.4 7.9 39.8 13.7 2000 40 2005 est.
 Turkey 16.8 9.3 43.6 17.1 2003 41 2007
 Turkmenistan 12.3 7.7 40.8 12.2 1998 40.8 1998
 Uganda 16.6 9.2 45.7 16.4 2002 45.7 2002
 Ukraine 5.9 4.1 28.1 7.6 2006 31 2006
 United Arab Emirates N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31
 United Kingdom 13.8 7.2 36 13.6 1999 34 2005
 United States 15.9 8.4 40.8 15.0 2007 est. 45 2007
 Uruguay 17.9 10.2 44.9 17.9 2003 45.2 2006
 Uzbekistan 10.6 6.2 36.8 10.6 2003 36.8 2003
 Venezuela 48.3 16 48.2 50.3 2003 41 2009
 Vietnam 6.9 4.9 34.4 10.0 2004 37 2004
 World N/A N/A N/A 12.0 2002 est. N/A N/A
 Yemen 8.6 5.6 33.4 8.6 2003 37.7 2005
 Zambia 32.3 15.3 50.8 32.3 2004 50.8 2004
 Zimbabwe 22 12 50.1 20.2 1995 50.1 2006

R/P 10%: Richest 10% to poorest 10%; R/P 20%: Richest 20% to poorest 20%; Gini: Gini index; UN: Data from the United Nations Development Programme; CIA: Data from the Central Intelligence Agency's The World Factbook.

References

  1. Data show the ratio of the income or expenditure share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Inequality in income or expenditure / Inequality measures, ratio of richest 10% to poorest 10%, Human Development Report 2007/08, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  2. Data show the ratio of the income or expenditure share of the richest group to that of the poorest. Inequality in income or expenditure / Inequality measures, ratio of richest 20% to poorest 20%, Human Development Report 2009, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  3. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, and a value of 100 absolute inequality. Inequality in income or expenditure / Gini index, Human Development Report 2007/08, UNDP, accessed on February 3, 2008. Note: Because the underlying household surveys differ in method and in the type of data collected, the distribution data are not strictly comparable across countries.
  4. Distribution of family income - Gini index, The World Factbook, CIA, updated on January 24, 2008.
  5. Global Peace Index calculation incorporates UN Gini scores where available, so countries with a UN Gini calculation are left blank in this column. At http://www.visionofhumanity.org/gpi/results/rankings/2008/country/asc/ click on each country to see its Gini coefficient. Calculated in 2008.
  6. Stephen Young (2010) Geni Coefficient http://www.nationmultimedia.com/home/2010/04/21/opinion/Gini-Coefficient-30127515.html
  7. Data are for urban households.
  8. Data for urban households only.
  9. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_EN_Complete.pdf
  10. http://www.faqs.org/docs/factbook/fields/2172.html