List of countries by life expectancy

This is a list of countries by life expectancy at birth, the average number of years to be lived by a group of people born in the same year, if mortality at each age remains constant in the future. Each entry includes total population as well as the male and female components. Several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list. The figures reflect the quality of healthcare in the countries listed as well as other factors including ongoing wars and HIV/AIDS infections. Figures are from the CIA World Factbook 2009[1] and from the 2006 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report, for 2005–2010.[2] Only countries/territories with a population of 100,000 or more in 2007 are included in the United Nations list.

The life expectancy at birth of the world is 67.2 years (65.0 years for males and 69.5 years for females) for 2005–2010, according to United Nations World Population Prospects 2006 Revision and 66.57 years (64.52 years for males and 68.76 years for females) for 2009 according to CIA World Factbook 2009.

Many of the countries with the lowest life expectancies, namely Swaziland, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Malawi, the Central African Republic, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau, are suffering from very high rates of HIV/AIDS infection, with adult prevalence rates ranging from 10 to 38.8 percent.[3] In countries with high infant mortality rates, the life expectancy at birth will be lower, and may not reflect the life expectancy of a person who has survived his or her first year of life.

List by the United Nations (2005-2010)

Rank Country (State/territory) Life expectancy at birth (years)
Overall
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Male
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Female
1  Japan 82.6 78.0 86.1
2  Hong Kong 82.2 79.4 85.1
3  Iceland 81.8 80.2 83.3
4  Switzerland 81.7 79.0 84.2
5  Australia 81.2 78.9 83.6
6  Spain 80.9 77.7 84.2
7  Sweden 80.9 78.7 83.0
8  Israel 80.7 78.5 82.8
9  Macau 80.7 78.5 82.8
10  France (metropolitan) 80.7 77.1 84.1
11  Canada 80.7 78.3 82.9
12  Italy 80.5 77.5 83.5
13  New Zealand 80.2 78.2 82.2
13  Norway 80.2 77.8 82.5
15  Singapore 80.0 78.0 81.9
16  Austria 79.8 76.9 82.6
16  Netherlands 79.8 77.5 81.9
18  Martinique ( France) 79.5 76.5 82.3
18  Greece 79.5 77.1 81.9
20  Belgium 79.4 76.5 82.3
20  Malta 79.4 77.3 81.3
20  United Kingdom 79.4 77.2 81.6
20  Germany 79.4 76.5 82.1
20  U.S. Virgin Islands () 79.4 75.5 83.3
25  Finland 79.3 76.1 82.4
26  Guadeloupe ( France) 79.2 76.0 82.2
27 Channel Islands ( Jersey and  Guernsey) () 79.0 76.6 81.5
27  Cyprus 79.0 76.5 81.6
29  Ireland 78.9 76.5 81.3
30  Costa Rica 78.8 76.5 81.2
31  Puerto Rico () 78.7 74.7 82.7
31  Luxembourg 78.7 75.7 81.6
31  United Arab Emirates 78.7 77.2 81.5
34  South Korea 78.6 75.0 82.2
34  Chile 78.6 75.5 81.5
36  Denmark 78.3 76.0 80.6
36  Cuba 78.3 76.2 80.4
36  United States 78.3 75.6 80.8
39  Portugal 78.1 75.0 81.2
40  Slovenia 77.9 74.1 81.5
41  Kuwait 77.6 76.0 79.9
42  Barbados 77.3 74.4 79.8
43  Brunei 77.1 75.0 79.7
44  Czech Republic 76.5 73.4 79.5
45  Réunion ( France) 76.4 72.3 80.5
45  Albania 76.4 73.4 79.7
45  Uruguay 76.4 72.8 79.9
48  Mexico 76.2 73.7 78.6
49  Belize 76.1 73.3 79.2
49  New Caledonia ( France) 76.1 72.8 79.7
51  French Guiana ( France) 75.9 72.5 79.9
52  Croatia 75.7 72.3 79.2
53  Oman 75.6 74.2 77.5
53  Bahrain 75.6 74.3 77.5
53  Qatar 75.6 75.2 76.4
53  Poland 75.6 71.3 79.8
57  Panama 75.5 73.0 78.2
58  Guam () 75.5 73.3 77.9
59  Argentina 75.3 71.6 79.1
60  Netherlands Antilles ( Netherlands) 75.1 71.3 78.8
61  Ecuador 75.0 72.1 78.0
62  Bosnia and Herzegovina 74.9 72.2 77.4
63  Slovakia 74.7 70.7 78.5
64  Montenegro 74.5 72.4 76.8
65  Vietnam 74.2 72.3 76.2
65  Malaysia 74.2 72.0 76.7
65  Aruba ( Netherlands) 74.2 71.3 77.1
65  Macedonia 74.2 71.8 76.6
69  Syria 74.1 72.3 76.1
69  French Polynesia ( France) 74.1 71.7 76.8
71  Serbia 74.0 71.7 76.3
71  Libya 74.0 71.7 76.9
73  Tunisia (10% above world average) 73.9 71.9 76.0
74  Venezuela 73.7 70.9 76.8
74  Saint Lucia 73.7 71.8 75.6
76  Bahamas 73.5 70.6 76.3
77 73.4 71.8 75.0
78  Hungary 73.3 69.2 77.4
78  Tonga 73.3 72.3 74.3
80  Bulgaria 73.0 69.5 76.7
80  Lithuania 73.0 67.5 78.3
80 73.0 71.3 74.8
83  Nicaragua 72.9 69.9 76.0
83  Colombia 72.9 69.2 76.6
85  Mauritius 72.8 69.5 76.2
85  Saudi Arabia 72.8[4] 70.9 75.3
87  Latvia 72.7 67.3 77.7
88  Jamaica 72.6 70.0 75.2
89  Jordan 72.5 70.8 74.5
89  Romania 72.5 69.0 76.1
91  Sri Lanka 72.4 68.8 76.2
91  Brazil 72.4 68.8 76.1
93  Algeria 72.3 70.9 73.7
94  Dominican Republic 72.2 69.3 75.5
95  Lebanon 72.0 69.9 74.2
95  Armenia 72.0 68.4 75.1
97  El Salvador 71.9 68.8 74.9
98  Turkey 71.8 69.4 74.3
98  Paraguay 71.8 69.7 73.9
100  Philippines 71.7 69.5 73.9
100  Cape Verde 71.7 68.3 74.5
102  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 71.6 69.5 73.8
103  Samoa 71.5 68.5 74.8
104  Peru 71.4 68.9 74.0
104  Estonia 71.4 65.9 76.8
106  Egypt 71.3 69.1 73.6
107  Morocco 71.2 69.0 73.4
108  Georgia 71.0 67.1 74.8
108  Iran 71.0 69.4 72.6
110  Indonesia 70.7 68.7 72.7
111  Thailand 70.6 66.5 75.0
112  Guatemala 70.3 66.7 73.8
113  Suriname 70.2 67.0 73.6
113  Honduras 70.2 66.9 73.7
115  Vanuatu 70.0 68.3 72.1
116  Trinidad and Tobago 69.8 67.8 71.8
117  Belarus 69.0 63.1 75.2
118  Moldova 68.9 65.1 72.5
119  Fiji 68.8 66.6 71.1
120  Grenada 68.7 67.0 70.3
121  Federated States of Micronesia 68.5 67.7 69.3
121  Maldives 68.5 67.6 69.5
123  Ukraine 67.9 62.1 73.8
124  Azerbaijan 67.5 63.8 71.2
125  North Korea 67.3 65.1 69.3
126  Uzbekistan 67.2 64.0 70.4
-  World Avg. 67.2 65.0 69.5
127  Kazakhstan 67.0 61.6 72.4
128  Guyana 66.8 64.2 69.9
128  Mongolia 66.8 63.9 69.9
130  Tajikistan 66.7 64.1 69.4
131  Western Sahara 65.9 64.3 68.1
131  Kyrgyzstan 65.9 62.0 69.9
133  Bhutan 65.6 64.0 67.5
133  Bolivia 65.6 63.4 67.7
135  São Tomé and Príncipe 65.5 63.6 67.4
135  Pakistan 65.5 65.2 65.8
135  Russia 65.5 61.83 72.6
138  Comoros 65.2 63.0 67.4
139  India 64.7 63.2 66.4
140  Laos 64.4 63.0 65.8
141  Mauritania 64.2 62.4 66.0
142  Bangladesh 64.1 63.2 65.0
143  Nepal 63.8 63.2 64.2
144  Solomon Islands 63.6 62.7 64.5
145  Turkmenistan 63.2 59.0 67.5
146  Senegal 63.1 61.0 65.1
147  Yemen 62.7 61.1 64.3
148 62.1 59.0 65.3
149  Haiti 60.9 59.1 62.8
150 (10% below world average) 60.8 60.0 61.7
151  Ghana 60.0 59.6 60.5
152  Cambodia 59.7 57.3 61.9
153  Iraq 59.5 57.8 61.5
154  Gambia 59.4 58.6 60.3
155  Madagascar 59.4 57.7 61.3
156  Sudan 58.6 57.1 60.1
157  Togo 58.4 56.7 60.1
158  Eritrea 58.0 55.6 60.3
159  Papua New Guinea 57.2 54.6 60.4
160  Niger 56.9 57.8 56.0
161  Gabon 56.7 56.4 57.1
161  Benin 56.7 55.6 57.8
163  Guinea 56.0 54.4 57.6
164  Republic of the Congo 55.3 54.0 56.6
165  Djibouti 54.8 53.6 56.0
166  Mali 54.5 52.1 56.6
167  Kenya (20% below world average) 54.1 53.0 55.2
168  Ethiopia 52.9 51.7 54.3
168  Namibia 52.9 52.5 53.1
170  Tanzania 52.5 51.4 53.6
171  Burkina Faso 52.3 50.7 53.8
172  Equatorial Guinea 51.6 50.4 52.8
173  Uganda 51.5 50.8 52.2
174  Botswana 50.7 50.5 50.7
175  Chad 50.6 49.3 52.0
176  Cameroon 50.4 50.0 50.8
177  Burundi 49.6 48.1 51.0
178  South Africa 49.3 48.8 49.7
179  Côte d'Ivoire 48.3 47.5 49.3
179  Malawi 48.3 48.1 48.4
181  Somalia 48.2 46.9 49.4
182  Nigeria (30% below world average) 46.9 46.4 47.3
183  Democratic Republic of the Congo 46.5 45.2 47.7
184  Guinea-Bissau 46.4 44.9 47.9
185  Rwanda 46.2 44.6 47.8
186  Liberia 45.7 44.8 46.6
187  Central African Republic 44.7 43.3 46.1
188  Afghanistan 43.8 43.9 43.8
189  Zimbabwe 43.5 44.1 42.6
190  Lesotho 42.6 42.9 42.3
190  Sierra Leone 42.6 41.0 44.1
192  Zambia 42.4 42.1 42.5
193  Mozambique 42.1 41.7 42.4
194  Swaziland (40% below world average) 39.6 39.8 39.4

List by the CIA World Factbook (2009 estimates)

Rank by
UN member
state
Rank by
entity
Entity Overall life expectancy at birth Male life expectancy at birth Female life expectancy at birth
- 1  Macau 84.36 81.39 87.47
1 2  Andorra 82.51 80.33 84.84
2 3  Japan 82.12 78.8 85.62
3 4  Singapore 81.98 79.37 84.78
4 5  San Marino 81.97 78.53 85.72
- 6  Hong Kong 81.86 79.16 84.79
5 7  Australia 81.63 79.25 84.14
6 8  Canada 81.23 78.69 83.91
7 9  France (metropolitan) 80.98 77.79 84.33
8 10  Sweden 80.86 78.59 83.26
9 11  Switzerland 80.85 78.03 83.83
- 12  Guernsey 80.77 77.76 83.88
10 13  Israel 80.73 78.62 82.95
11 14  Iceland 80.67 78.53 82.9
15  Anguilla 80.65 78.11 83.26
16  Cayman Islands 80.44 77.2 83.72
17  Bermuda 80.43 77.65 83.26
12 18  New Zealand 80.36 78.43 82.39
13 19  Italy 80.2 77.26 83.33
20  Gibraltar 80.19 77.3 83.22
14 21  Monaco 80.09 76.3 84.09
15 22  Liechtenstein 80.06 76.59 83.53
16 23  Spain 80.05 76.74 83.57
17 24  Norway 79.95 77.29 82.74
25  Jersey 79.75 77.23 82.46
18 26  Greece 79.66 77.11 82.37
19 27  Austria 79.5 76.6 82.56
28  Faroe Islands 79.44 77 82.05
20 29  Malta 79.44 76.95 81.47
21 30  Netherlands 79.4 76.8 82.14
22 31  Luxembourg 79.33 76.07 82.81
23 32  Germany 79.26 76.26 82.42
24 33  Belgium 79.22 76.06 82.53
34  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 79.07 76.69 81.57
35  U.S. Virgin Islands 79.05 76.02 82.26
25 36  United Kingdom 79.01 76.52 81.63
26 37  Finland 78.97 75.48 82.61
27 38  Jordan 78.87 76.34 81.56
39  Isle of Man 78.82 75.86 81.93
28 40  South Korea 78.72 77.45 82.22
41  European Union 78.67 75.54 81.97
42  Puerto Rico
()
78.53 74.85 82.39
29 43  Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.5 74.92 82.34
44  Saint Helena 78.44 75.52 81.5
30 45  Cyprus 78.33 75.91 80.86
31 46  Denmark 78.3 75.96 80.78
32 47  Ireland 78.24 75.6 81.06
33 48  Portugal 78.21 74.95 81.69
49  Wallis and Futuna 78.2 75.22 81.32
34 50  United States 78.11 75.65 80.69
35 51  Albania 77.96 75.28 80.89
52  Taiwan 77.96 75.12 81.05
36 53  Kuwait 77.71 76.51 78.95
37 54  Costa Rica 77.58 74.96 80.34
38 55  Cuba 77.45 75.19 79.85
39 56  Chile 77.34 74.07 80.77
40 57  Libya 77.26 74.98 79.65
58  British Virgin Islands 77.26 76.03 78.55
41 59  Panama 77.25 74.47 80.16
42 60  Slovenia 76.92 73.25 80.84
43 61  Czech Republic 76.81 73.54 80.28
44 62  Georgia 76.72 73.41 80.45
63  French Polynesia ( France) 76.31 73.88 78.86
64  Northern Mariana Islands
()
76.71 74.26 79.29
65  Netherlands Antilles ( Netherlands) 76.65 74.03 79.09
45 66  Argentina 76.56 73.32 79.97
46 67  Saint Lucia 76.45 73.78 79.27
47 68  Uruguay 76.35 73.1 79.72
48 69  Saudi Arabia 76.3 74.23 78.48
49 75  Poland 76.28 73.12 79.44
50 70  United Arab Emirates 76.11 73.56 78.78
51 71  Mexico 76.06 73.25 79
52 72  Tunisia 75.78 73.98 77.7
53 73  Paraguay 75.77 73.19 78.49
54 74  Brunei 75.74 73.52 78.07
55 76  Dominica 75.55 72.61 78.64
77  Turks and Caicos Islands 75.42 73.12 77.83
56 78  Slovakia 75.4 71.47 79.53
57 79  Croatia 75.35 71.72 79.18
58 80  Qatar 75.35 71.66 77.14
59 81  Ecuador 75.3 72.37 78.37
82  Aruba ( Netherlands) 75.28 72.25 78.38
60 83  Bahrain 75.16 72.64 77.76
61 84  Sri Lanka 75.14 73.08 77.28
85  New Caledonia
( France)
74.98 71.99 78.12
62 86  Lithuania 74.9 69.98 80.1
63 87  Antigua and Barbuda 74.76 72.81 76.81
64 88  Macedonia 74.68 72.18 77.38
89 74.54 72.54 76.65
90  Cook Islands 74.22 71.46 77.13
65 91  Oman 74.16 71.87 76.55
66 92  Algeria 74.02 72.35 75.77
67 93  Mauritius 74 70.53 77.65
68 94  Maldives 73.97 71.78 76.28
69 95  Barbados 73.94 71.65 76.26
70 96  Serbia 73.9 71.09 76.89
71 97  Suriname 73.73 71 76.65
98  American Samoa () 73.72 70.8 76.82
72 99  Dominican Republic 73.7 71.88 75.6
73 100  Solomon Islands 73.69 71.14 76.37
74 101  Lebanon 73.66 71.15 76.31
75 102  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 73.65 71.82 75.54
76 103  Venezuela 73.61 70.54 76.83
77 104  Jamaica 73.53 71.83 75.3
78 105 73.47 71.61 75.52
79 106  Hungary 73.44 69.27 77.87
107 73.42 71.82 75.12
80 108  Malaysia 73.29 70.56 76.21
81 109  Saint Kitts and Nevis 73.2 70.33 76.25
82 110  Thailand 73.1 70.77 75.55
83 111  Bulgaria 73.09 69.48 76.91
84 112  Seychelles 73.02 68.33 77.85
85 113  Estonia 72.82 67.45 78.53
86 114  Colombia 72.81 68.98 76.76
115  Montserrat 72.76 74.74 70.68
87 116  Armenia 72.68 69.06 76.81
88 117  Romania 72.45 68.95 76.16
89 118  El Salvador 72.33 68.72 76.11
90 119  Latvia 72.15 66.98 77.59
91 120  Egypt 72.12 69.56 74.81
92 121  Brazil 71.99 68.43 75.73
93 122  Turkey 71.96 70.12 73.89
94 123  Uzbekistan 71.96 68.95 75.15
95 124  Samoa 71.86 69.03 74.84
96 125  Morocco 71.8 69.42 74.3
97 126  Cape Verde 71.61 68.27 75.05
98 127  Vietnam 71.58 68.78 74.57
99 128  Nicaragua 71.5 69.35 73.75
100 129  Palau 71.22 68.08 74.54
101 130  Marshall Islands 71.19 69.15 73.34
102 131  Syria 71.19 69.8 72.68
103 132  Iran 71.14 69.65 72.72
104 133  Philippines 71.09 68.17 74.15
105 134  Federated States of Micronesia 70.94 69.06 72.93
106 135  Trinidad and Tobago 70.86 67.98 73.82
107 136  Moldova 70.8 67.1 74.71
108 137  Indonesia 70.76 68.26 73.38
109 138  Peru 70.74 68.33 68.88
110 139  Fiji 70.73 68.18 73.41
111 140  Tonga 70.73 68.18 73.41
112 141  Belarus 70.63 64.95 76.67
113 142  Guatemala 70.29 68.49 72.19
143  Greenland ( Denmark) 70.07 67.44 72.85
114 144  Iraq 69.94 68.6 71.34
115 145  India 69.89 67.46 72.61
116 146  Kyrgyzstan 69.43 65.43 73.64
117 147  Honduras 69.4 67.86 71.02
118 148  Tuvalu 69.29 66.99 71.7
119 149  São Tomé and Príncipe 68.32 66.65 70.04
120 150  Ukraine 68.25 62.37 74.5
121 151  Belize 68.2 66.44 70.05
122 152  Kazakhstan 67.87 62.58 73.47
123 153  Turkmenistan 67.87 64.94 70.95
124 154  Mongolia 67.65 65.23 70.19
125 155 67.27 64.92 69.75
126 156  Bolivia 66.89 64.2 69.72
127 157  Guyana 66.68 64.09 69.4
128 158  Azerbaijan 66.66 62.53 71.34
- -  World 66.57 64.52 68.76
129 159  Papua New Guinea 66.34 64.08 68.72
130 160  Bhutan 66.13 65.33 66.97
131 161  Russia 66.03 59.33 73.14
132 162  Grenada 65.95 64.06 67.85
133 163 65.78 62.63 68.98
134 164  Nepal 65.46 64.3 66.67
135 165  Tajikistan 65.33 62.29 68.52
136 166  Pakistan 64.49 63.4 65.64
137 167  Nauru 64.2 60.58 68.01
138 168  Vanuatu 63.98 62.37 65.66
139 169  North Korea 63.81 61.23 66.53
140 170  Comoros 63.47 61.07 65.94
141 171  Burma 63.39 61.17 65.74
142 172  Yemen 63.27 61.3 65.33
143 173  Kiribati 63.22 60.14 66.45
174  Mayotte ( France) 62.91 60.65 65.24
144 175  Madagascar 62.89 60.93 64.91
145 176  Cambodia 62.1 60.03 64.27
146 177  Botswana 61.85 61.72 61.99
147 178  Eritrea 61.78 59.71 63.9
148 179  Equatorial Guinea 61.61 60.71 62.54
149 180  Haiti 60.78 59.13 62.48
150 181  Mauritania 60.37 58.22 62.59
151 182  Bangladesh 60.25 57.57 63.03
152 183  Ghana 59.85 58.98 60.75
153 184  Benin 59 57.83 60.23
154 185  Senegal 59 57.12 60.93
155 186  Togo 58.69 56.56 60.88
156 187  Kenya 57.86 57.49 58.24
157 188  Guinea 57.09 55.63 58.6
158 189  Laos 56.68 54.56 58.9
159 190  Côte d'Ivoire 55.45 54.64 56.28
160 191  Ethiopia 55.41 52.92 57.97
161 192 55.35 53.43 57.34
162 193  Democratic Republic of the Congo 54.36 52.58 56.2
194  Western Sahara 54.32 52 56.73
163 195  Republic of the Congo 54.15 52.9 55.43
164 196  Cameroon 53.69 52.89 54.52
165 197  Gabon 53.11 52.19 54.05
166 198  Burkina Faso 52.95 51.04 54.91
167 199  Uganda 52.72 51.66 53.81
168 200  Niger 52.6 51.39 53.85
169 201  Burundi 52.09 51.2 53.01
170 202  Tanzania 52.01 50.56 53.51
171 203  Sudan 51.42 50.49 52.4
172 204  Namibia 51.24 51.61 50.86
173 205  Rwanda 50.52 49.25 51.83
174 206  Mali 50.35 48.38 52.38
175 207  Somalia 49.63 47.78 51.53
176 208  South Africa 48.98 49.81 48.13
177 209  Guinea-Bissau 47.9 46.07 49.79
178 210  Chad 47.7 46.67 48.77
179 211  Nigeria 46.94 46.16 47.76
180 212  Zimbabwe 45.77 46.36 45.16
181 213  Afghanistan 44.64 44.47 44.81
182 214  Central African Republic 44.47 44.4 44.54
183 215  Malawi 43.82 44.07 43.57
184 216  Djibouti 43.37 41.89 44.89
185 217  Liberia 41.84 40.71 43
186 218  Sierra Leone 41.24 38.92 43.64
187 219  Mozambique 41.18 41.83 40.53
188 220  Lesotho 40.38 41.18 39.54
189 221  Zambia 38.63 38.53 38.73
190 222  Angola 38.2 37.24 39.22
191 223  Swaziland 31.88 31.62 32.15

See also