Panyjima language

Redirected from Panyjima
Banyjima
Spoken in Australia
Region Pilbara region of Western Australia.
Total speakers 50 ()
Language family Australian
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 aus
ISO 639-3 pnw
Linguasphere

Panyjima is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken in the Hamersley Range, in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. It is the traditional language of the Panyjima people. The name has also been spelled Bandjima, Banjima, Banyjima, Paanjima, Pandjima, Panjima, Panjtjima, and Panytyima.

Like most indigenous languages, Panyjima is endangered. Younger generations have English as a first language and make little distinction between Panyjima and its closely related neighbouring languages.

Contents


Classification

Panyjima is classified as a member of the Ngayarta or Ngayarda subgroup of the South-West Pama-Nyungan languages. Under Carl Georg von Brandenstein's 1967 classification, Martuthunira was classed as an Inland Ngayarda language, but the separation of the Ngayarda languages into Coastal and Inland groups is no longer considered valid.

South-West Pama-Nyungan

Consonants

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n ɳ
Lateral ʎ l ɭ
Rhotic r ɻ
Semivowel w j

Vowels

! Front Back
High i iː u uː
Low a aː

The long vowels are rare.

Accusative alignment

Unlike most Australian languages, which exhibit ergativity, Panyjima and the other Ngayarta languages have an accusative alignment. That is, the subjects of transitive verbs are treated the same as the subjects of intransitive verbs, while the objects are treated differently.

References

  • Dench, Alan (1991). . In R.M.W. Dixon and Barry J. Blake. . Melbourne: Oxford University Press Australia. pp. 125–244. .