Q

Basic Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd    
Ee Ff Gg Hh
Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn
Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt
Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Q (; named cue)[1] is the seventeenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Contents


History

Egyptian hieroglyph
wj
Phoenician
qoph
Etruscan Q Greek
Qoppa
<hiero>V24</hiero>

The Semitic sound value of Qôp (perhaps originally qaw, "cord of wool", and possibly based on an Egyptian hieroglyph) was /q/ (voiceless uvular plosive), a sound common to Semitic languages, but not found in English or most Indo-European ones. In Greek, |title=New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin |first=Andrew L.

|last=Sihler |edition=illustrated |publisher=Oxford University Press |year=1995 |location=New York |ISBN=0195083458 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=IeHmqKY2BqoC |pages=21 }}

The Etruscans used Q only in conjunction with V to represent /kʷ/

Famous Quoters

Some famous people that have written about the letter Q include Wylie, Noah, and their mother Lauren All the authors mentioned have written essay about the letter Q. Wylie and Lauren both wrote essays called, "The Q Snow Day" Noah wrote an essay called, "My Snow Day With Q"

Usage

In most modern western languages written in Latin script, such as in Romance and Germanic languages, ‹q› appears almost exclusively in the digraph ‹qu› (e.g. quick, quit, quack), though see Q without U.

In Chinese Hanyu Pinyin, ‹q› is used to represent the sound [tɕʰ], which is close to English ‹ch› in "cheese", but pronounced further toward the front of the mouth.

In Fijian, ‹q› represents the prenasalized voiced velar plosive [ŋɡ].

In Xhosa and Zulu, ‹q› represents the postalveolar click [kǃ].

In Kiowa, ‹q› represents a glottalized velar plosive, /kʼ/.

The lowercase Q is usually seen as a lowercase O with a descender (i.e., downward vertical tail) extending from the right side of the bowl, with or without a swash (i.e., flourish). The lowercase Q's descender is usually typed without a swash due to the major style difference typically seen between the descenders of the lowercase G (a loop) and lowercase Q (vertical). The descender of the lowercase Q is sometimes handwritten finishing with a rightward swash to distinguish from the leftward facing curved descender on the lowercase G.

In physics, Q and q are used to denote electric charge; Q is used for energy (especially in a form of heat).

Computing codes

Alternative representations of Q
[[Image:ICS_Quebec.svg|75px|border]] [[Image:Semaphore_Quebec.svg|90px]]
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode, the capital Q is codepoint U+0051 and the lower case q is U+0071.

The ASCII hexadecimal codes for capital Q and lowercase q are 51 and 71, respectively. These equal 81 and 113 in decimal, and 01010001 and 01110001 in binary.

The EBCDIC code for capital Q is 216 and for lowercase q is 152.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "&#81;" and "&#113;" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

References

  1. "Q" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "que," op. cit.
The ISO basic Latin alphabetThis box: [[|view]]·[[|talk]]·edit
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter Q with diacritics
{|style="margin:auto;width:100%;border:0;border-collapse:collapse"
Two-letter combinations
Qa Qb Qc Qd Qe Qf Qg Qh Qi Qj Qk Ql Qm Qn Qo Qp Qq Qr Qs Qt Qu Qv Qw Qx Qy Qz
QA QB QC QD QE QF QG QH QI QJ QK QL QM QN QO QP QQ QR QS QT QU QV QW QX QY QZ
AQ BQ CQ DQ EQ FQ GQ HQ IQ JQ KQ LQ MQ NQ OQ PQ QQ RQ SQ TQ UQ VQ WQ XQ YQ ZQ
Aq Bq Cq Dq Eq Fq Gq Hq Iq Jq Kq Lq Mq Nq Oq Pq Qq Rq Sq Tq Uq Vq Wq Xq Yq Zq
Letter-digit and digit-letter combinations
    Q0 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9     0Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 5Q 6Q 7Q 8Q 9Q    

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646 |}