Roberto Carlos (singer)

Roberto Carlos Braga (; born April 19, 1941 in Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, Brazil) is a Grammy Award-winning [1] Brazilian singer and composer, who has achieved a great deal of success and recognition in his 50 year career, also known as King of Latin Music.[2]

Most of his songs are written in partnership with his friends Manuel Morais singer and songwriter Erasmo Carlos. Roberto Carlos has sold over 120 million albums around the world. He is considered one of the most influential artists in Brazil during the 1960s, being cited as a source of inspiration by many artists and bands up to the 1980s.

Contents


1960s

Influenced by his idol Elvis Presley and the 1950s rock revolution, he rose to stardom as the main figure of the 1960s musical movement known as Jovem Guarda (or Young Guard, as opposed to the "Old Guard" of Brazilian music). Although the phrase "Jovem Guarda" came from Russian leader Vladimir Lenin, who was talking about the youth of the Russian Revolution, the Brazilian phrase was created by Paulo Machado de Carvalho. "Jovem Guarda" was the first manifestation of the Brazilian pop rock movement. Since then, Roberto Carlos has been called "O Rei" (the King), as well as Elvis and Pelé.

When his first single and first LP (Louco por você, 1961) were commercial failures, Roberto Carlos was in danger of being fired from CBS in favor of Sérgio Murilo, the first successful rock singer in Brazil. Nevertheless, Murilo was fired instead for clashing with musical director Evandro Ribeiro over repertoire and payment, opening up space for Roberto Carlos.[3] During his first decade of recording, Roberto Carlos also starred in a few motion pictures directed by Roberto Farias, many of them heavily inspired by the Beatles movies.

1970s and 80s

After his first decade of success, Carlos moved towards a more serious, adult contemporary approach to singing, whilst consistently continuing to score hits in his country and throughout Latin America, as well as in Portugal, Spain and Italy. In the 1980s, Roberto Carlos also began recording in English and French (he had already recorded albums in Spanish, Italian, and, naturally, Portuguese). He went on to win the Globo de Cristal trophy, awarded by CBS to Brazilian artists who sell more than five million copies outside Brazil. At the same time, his albums continued to break records in his country. Caminhoneiro (1984) aired 3,000 times in a single day, soon topped by his own Verde e Amarelo (1985), with 3,500 spins.

In 1986, Carlos performed at Radio City Music Hall in New York and two years later became one of the only Brazilians ever to win a Grammy Award in the category of Best Latin Pop Album with Roberto Carlos / Tolo.

1990s to present

Carlos continued to record through the 1990s, focusing on romantic songs. In the mid 1990s a retro-Jovem Guarda wave hit Brazil, and Carlos—who was considered a has-been amongst a younger generation familiar only with his romantic and sentimental hits directed at a middleaged audience—had his importance cited by younger musicians such as Cássia Eller, Adriana Calcanhotto, Chico Science e Nação Zumbi, Barão Vermelho and Skank. Skank also recorded Rei, a tribute to Roberto Carlos with his classic hits from the heyday of the Jovem Guarda epoch.

In 1998, Carlos' second wife, Maria Rita, discovered she had cancer (she would die in 1999), which shattered his peace of mind. After one year of reclusion, Roberto Carlos returned to recording and performing. In 2001, he broke his contract with Sony (formerly CBS), the recording company through which he had released a vast majority of his albums, due to reasons connected to his wife's death. However, in a 2008 interview, Roberto Carlos stated that he had no intention of retiring from the music industry anytime soon and released an album later that year.

Every year, Roberto Carlos hosts a special TV show singing his greatest hits along with special guests. The show has become a tradition in Brazilian television. The house where Carlos was born has also been converted into a museum dedicated to him.

Celebrations for his 50th career anniversary

On July 11, 2009, to celebrate his 50th career anniversary, Roberto Carlos performed a major show at Maracanã Stadium. It was his first presentation in the stadium. The estimated audience was about 70,000 people.http://oglobo.globo.com/cultura/mat/2009/07/11/no-inicio-do-show-roberto-carlos-se-declara-a-maior-emocao-da-minha-vida-756783099.asp

Roberto Carlos's 50th career anniversary was also celebrated with a major exhibition in the Lucas Nogueira Garcez Pavilion, located in Ibirapuera Park, São Paulo. The interactive expo, opened on March 4, 2010, portrayed the singer's life and career. http://oglobo.globo.com/cultura/mat/2010/03/04/mostra-celebra-roberto-carlos-as-cancoes-que-ele-fez-para-nos-915986055.asp

His mother Laura Moreira Braga died on April 17, 2010 at age 96.

Discography

Mostly in Portuguese; some songs in Spanish, English and Italian. As the vast majority of Roberto Carlos' albums are simply self-titled, the most significant hit of each album (usually the first airplay single) is also indicated.

  • 1961 - Louco Por Você
  • 1963 - Splish Splash
  • 1964 - É Proibido Fumar
  • 1964 - Canta à la Juventud
  • 1965 - Canta Para a Juventude
  • 1965 - Jovem Guarda
  • 1966 - Roberto Carlos
  • 1967 - Roberto Carlos em Ritmo de Aventura
  • 1968 - O Inimitável
  • 1969 - Roberto Carlos ("As Flores do Jardim da Nossa casa")
  • 1970 - Roberto Carlos ("Ana")
  • 1971 - Roberto Carlos ("Detalhes")
  • 1972 - Roberto Carlos ("A Janela")
  • 1973 - Roberto Carlos ("A Cigana")
  • 1974 - Roberto Carlos ("Eu Quero Apenas")
  • 1975 - Roberto Carlos ("Quero Que Vá Tudo Pro Inferno")
  • 1976 - Roberto Carlos ("Ilegal, Imoral ou Engorda")
  • 1976 - San Remo 1968
  • 1977 - Roberto Carlos ("Amigo")
  • 1978 - Roberto Carlos ("Fé")
  • 1979 - Roberto Carlos ("Na Paz do Seu Sorriso)
  • 1980 - Roberto Carlos ("A Guerra dos Meninos")
  • 1981 - Roberto Carlos ("As Baleias")
  • 1981 - Roberto Carlos ("In English")
  • 1982 - Roberto Carlos ("Amiga")
  • 1983 - Roberto Carlos ("O Amor é a Moda")
  • 1984 - Roberto Carlos ("Coração")
  • 1985 - Roberto Carlos ("Verde e Amarelo")
  • 1986 - Roberto Carlos ("Apocalipse")
  • 1987 - Roberto Carlos ("Águia Dourada")
  • 1988 - Roberto Carlos ("Se Diverte e Já Não Pensa em Mim")
  • 1988 - Ao Vivo (live recording)
  • 1989 - Roberto Carlos ("Na Paz do seu Sorriso")
  • 1989 - Roberto Carlos ("Amazônia")
  • 1990 - Roberto Carlos ("Super Herói")
  • 1991 - Roberto Carlos ("Todas as Manhãs")
  • 1992 - Roberto Carlos ("Mulher Pequena")
  • 1992 - Roberto Carlos ("Emoções")
  • 1993 - Inolvidables
  • 1993 - Roberto Carlos ("Obsessão")
  • 1994 - Roberto Carlos ("Alô")
  • 1995 - Roberto Carlos ("Amigo Não Chore Por Ela")
  • 1996 - Roberto Carlos ("Mulher de 40")
  • 1997 - Roberto Carlos ("Canciones que Amo")
  • 1998 - Roberto Carlos ("Eu Te Amo Tanto")
  • 1999 - Mensagens (songs of faith)
  • 1999 - Grandes Sucessos (Greatest Hits)
  • 2000 - Amor Sem Limites
  • 2000 - Grandes Canciones (2 CDs)
  • 2001 - Acústico (Unplugged)
  • 2002 - Ao Vivo (Live)
  • 2003 - Pra Sempre
  • 2004 - Pra Sempre Ao Vivo No Pacaembu (live)
  • 2005 - Roberto Carlos ("Arrasta uma Cadeira")
  • 2006 - Duetos (Duets)
  • 2008 - En Vivo (In Spanish)
  • 2008 - Roberto Carlos e Caetano Veloso e a música de Tom Jobim

Filmografia

  • 1968 - Em Ritmo de Aventura
  • 1970 - O Diamante Cor De Rosa
  • 1971 - A 300 km Por Hora
  • 2000 - Em Ritmo de Aventura
  • 2000 - O Diamante Cor De Rosa
  • 2000 - A 300 km Por Hora
  • 2001 - Acústico MTV
  • 2001 - Acústico Gold Serie Limitada
  • 2004 - Pra Sempre Ao Vivo no Pacaembu
  • 2006 - Antologia (CD + DVD)
  • 2006 - Duetos
  • 2008 - Roberto Carlos ao Vivo (CD + DVD)

See also

References

  1. . The New York Times. February 23, 1989. http://www.nytimes.com/1989/02/23/arts/a-listing-of-grammy-award-winners.html. Retrieved April 10, 2010. 
  2. ()http://www.latercera.cl/contenido/30_22664_9.shtml
  3. Araújo, Paulo César de (2006). . São Paulo: Editora Planeta do Brasil. .