Voting in the Council of the European Union

>Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (.PDF). . 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-06. 
Comparison of voting weights
Population in millions on 1 January 2009 [1]
Country Population Nice Penrose
 Germany 82m 16.5% 29 8.4% 9 9.3%
 France 64m 12.9% 29 8.4% 8 8.2%
62m 12.4% 29 8.4% 8 8.2%
 Italy 60m 12.0% 29 8.4% 8 8.2%
 Spain 45m 9.0% 27 7.8% 7 7.2%
 Poland 38m 7.6% 27 7.8% 6 6.2%
 Romania 21m 4.3% 14 4.1% 5 5.2%
 Netherlands 17m 3.3% 13 3.8% 4 4.1%
 Greece 11m 2.2% 12 3.5% 3 3.1%
 Portugal 11m 2.1% 12 3.5% 3 3.1%
 Belgium 11m 2.1% 12 3.5% 3 3.1%
 Czech Rep. 10m 2.1% 12 3.5% 3 3.1%
 Hungary 10m 2.0% 12 3.5% 3 3.1%
 Sweden 9.2m 1.9% 10 2.9% 3 3.1%
 Austria 8.3m 1.7% 10 2.9% 3 3.1%
 Bulgaria 7.6m 1.5% 10 2.9% 3 3.1%
 Denmark 5.5m 1.1% 7 2.0% 2 2.1%
 Slovakia 5.4m 1.1% 7 2.0% 2 2.1%
 Finland 5.3m 1.1% 7 2.0% 2 2.1%
 Ireland 4.5m 0.9% 7 2.0% 2 2.1%
 Lithuania 3.3m 0.7% 7 2.0% 2 2.1%
 Latvia 2.2m 0.5% 4 1.2% 2 2.1%
 Slovenia 2.0m 0.4% 4 1.2% 2 2.1%
 Estonia 1.3m 0.3% 4 1.2% 1 1.0%
 Cyprus 0.87m 0.2% 4 1.2% 1 1.0%
 Luxembourg 0.49m 0.1% 4 1.2% 1 1.0%
 Malta 0.41m 0.1% 3 0.9% 1 1.0%
498m 100% 345 100% 97 100%
European Union

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the European Union
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The procedures for voting in the Council of the European Union are described in the treaties of the European Union. The Council of the European Union has had its voting procedure amended by subsequent treaties and currently operates on a system brought forth by the Treaty of Nice. The Treaty of Lisbon is set to replace this system from 2014.

Decisions not requiring unanimity

Here is an overview of the formerly used, currently used and proposed voting systems employed in the Council of the European Union. The following only applies to certain legislation while others require unanimity among all Council members. When the Council is not acting on a proposal of the Commission, a higher threshold is used to pass legislation.

Treaty of Maastricht (1993-1999)

Treaty of Amsterdam (1999-2003)